Business and Industry

  1. Institute of Medicine, The Future of the Public’s Health in the Twenty-first Century. Washington: National Academies Press, 2003.
  2. Pronk NP. Fitness of the U.S. workforce. Annual Review of Public Health. 2015;
  3. Pronk NP. Physical activity promotion in business and industry: Evidence, context, and recommendations for a national plan. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2009;6(Suppl 2):S220-S235.

Community Recreation, Fitness, and Parks

  1. Spangler KJ. Doing our part to promote healthy lifestyles. Parks & Recreation (Ashburn). 1997;32(10):55-61.
  2. Godbey G, Mowen A, Ashburn VA. The benefits of physical activity provided by park and recreation services: The scientific evidence. Ashburn, VA, USA: National Recreation and Park Association; 2010.
  3. Brownson RC, Baker EA, Housemann RA, Brennan LK, Bacak SJ. Environmental and policy determinants of physical activity in the United States. American Journal of Public Health. 2001;91(12):1995–2003.
  4. Mowen, A. J., Graefe, A. R., Barrett, A. G., Roth, K., & Godbey, G. C. (2016). Americans’ Broad-based Support for Local Recreation and Park Services: Results from a Nationwide Study. Ashburn, VA: National Recreation and Park Association.


  1. SHAPE America. The Essential Components of Physical Education, 2015. Available at  Accessed March 22, 2016.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP), 2013. Available at /physicalactivity/cspap.htm. Accessed March 22, 2016.
  3. Institute of Medicine. Educating the Study Body: Taking Physical Activity and Physical Education to School. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2013.
  4. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report: Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Youth, 2012. Available at Accessed March 22, 2016.
  5. Institute of Medicine. Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2011.
  6. American College Health Association. Healthy Campus 2020, 2012. Available at Accessed March 22, 2016.
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Health Guidelines to Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity, 2011. Available at healthyschools/npao/pdf/mmwr-school-health-guidelines.pdf. Accessed March 22, 2016.
  8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS), 2014. Available at Accessed March 22, 2016.
  9. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. SHAPE of the Nation Report, 2012. Available at Accessed March 22, 2016.
  10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child (WSCC). Available at Accessed March 22, 2016.

Faith-Based Settings

  1. Pew Research Center. America’s Changing Religious Landscape 2015. Available: Accessed February 25, 2016.
  2. Hartford Institute for Religion Research. Fast Facts about American Religion. Available at Accessed March 18, 2016.
  3. Levin J. Engaging the faith community for public health advocacy: an agenda for the Surgeon General. J Relig Health 2013;52(2):368-385.
  4. Lasater TM, Wells BL, Carleton RA, et al. The role of churches in disease prevention research studies. Public Health Rep 1986;101(2):125-131.
  5. Campbell MK, Hudson MA, Resnicow K, et al. Church-based health promotion interventions: evidence and lessons learned. Annu Rev Public Health 2007;28:213-234.
  6. DeHaven MJ, Hunter IB, Wilder L, et al. Health programs in faith-based organizations: are they effective? Am J Public Health 2004;94(6):1030-1036.
  7. Newlin K, Dyess SM, Allard E, et al. A methodological review of faith-based health promotion literature: advancing the science to expand delivery of diabetes education to Black Americans. J Relig Health 2012;51(4):1075-1097.
  8. Bopp M, Peterson JA, Webb BL. A comprehensive review of faith-based physical activity interventions. Am J Lifestyle Med 2012;6(6):460-478.


  1. CDC/NCHS, 2012 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
  2. Trends in Adults Receiving a Recommendation for Exercise or Other Physical Activity From a Physician or Other Health Professional. Accessed 3-3-16.
  3. Exercise is Medicine®: A Standard in the Clinical Setting. /support_page.php?p=7. Accessed 3-3-16.
  4. Coleman KJ, Ngor E, Reynolds K, Quinn VP, Koebnick C, Young DR, Sternfeld B, Sallis RE. Initial validation of an exercise “vital sign” in electronic medical records. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Nov;44(11):2071-6.
  5. Ball TJ, Joy EA, Gren LH, Cunningham R, Shaw JM. Predictive Validity of an Adult Physical Activity “Vital Sign” Recorded in Electronic Health Records. J Phys Act Health. 2015 Oct 7.
  6. Pojednic RM, Trilk J, Phillips EM. Lifestyle Medicine Curricula: An Initiative to Include Lifestyle Medicine in Our Nation’s Medical Schools. Acad Med. 2015 Jul;90(7):840-1.
  7. Freeman AM, Curran-Everett D, Sabgir D. How starting a patient education/fitness program can improve health. ‘Walk with a Doc’ program shows you how to model healthy behaviors and strengthen the patient-physician bond. Med Econ. 2014 Jan 10;91(1):42-4, 47-
  8. Lobelo F, Stoutenberg M, Hutber A. The Exercise is Medicine Global Health Initiative: a 2014 update. Br J Sports Med. 2014 Dec;48(22):1627-33.
  9. Physical Activity in Older Adults. HealthCareQuality/2015TableofContents/PhysicalActivityinOlderAdults.aspx. Accessed 3-3-16.
  10. National Healthcare Quality Report, 2013: Chapter 3. Effectiveness of Care Across the Lifespan.  Accessed 3-3-16.

Mass Media

  1. Brown, D. R., Soares, J., Epping, J. M., Lankford, T. J., et al. (2012). Stand-alone mass media campaigns to increase physical activity: a community guide updated review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 43(5), 551-561.
  2. Leavy, J. E., Bull, F. C., Rosenberg, M., & Bauman, A. (2011). Physical activity mass media campaigns and their evaluation: a systematic review of the literature 2003–2010. Health Education Research, 26(6), 1060-1085.
  3. Ajibola, A. I., Hajifathalian, K., & Danaei, G. (2013). Do mass media campaigns improve physical activity? a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Public Health, 71(1), 20.
  4. Guide to Community Preventive Services. Campaigns and informational approaches to increase physical activity: community-wide campaigns. community.html. Last updated: 02/2001.
  5. Guide to Community Preventive Services. Behavioral and social approaches to increase physical activity: individually-adapted health behavior change programs. behavioral-social/individuallyadapted.html. Last updated: 02/2001.

Public Health

  1. Donato, K. A. (2006). National health education programs to promote healthy eating and physical activity. Nutrition reviews, 64(suppl 1), S65-S70.
  2. Baker, P. R., Francis, D. P., Soares, J., Weightman, A. L., & Foster, C. (2015). Community wide interventions for increasing physical activity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 1, CD008366.
  3. MR, U. M., Perry, C. K., Sumrall, J. C., Patterson, M. S., Walsh, S. M., Clendennen, S. C., & O’Hara Tompkins, N. (2015). Physical Activity-Related Policy and Environmental Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Rural Communities: A Systematic Review of the Literature, 2002-2013. Preventing chronic disease, 13, E03-E03.
  4. Engelen, L., Bauman, A., Bellew, B., Caillaud, C., Merom, D., Singh, M. F., et al. (2015). Capacity building in physical activity and non-communicable disease prevention: a low-cost online training course can reach isolated practitioners. Global health promotion, 1757975915586957.
  5. Evenson, K. R., Dorn, J. M., Camplain, R., Pate, R. R., & Brown, D. R. (2015). Evaluation of the Physical Activity and Public Health Course for Researchers. Journal of physical activity & health, 12(8).


  1. The Physical Activity Council. 2016 Participation Report. Available at Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  2. NPR, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Sports and Health in America, 2015. Available at sportsandhealthpoll.pdf. Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  3. Aspen Institute Project Play. Sport for All, Play for Life: A Playbook to Get Every Kid in the Game, 2015. Available at _AspenInstitute.pdf.  Accessed on March 22, 2016.
  4. Slack, Trevor, and Milena M. Parent. Understanding sport organizations: The application of organization theory. Human Kinetics, 2006.

Transportation, Land Use, and Community Design

  1. TransitCenter, “Who’s On Board: 2014 Mobility Attitudes Survey,” September 2014.
  2. National Complete Streets Coalition Policy Atlas,, accessed October 2, 2014.
  3. Transportation for America, “Dangerous by Design 2014,” May 2014.
  4. USPIRG, “A New Direction: Our Changing Relationship with Driving and the Implications for America’s Future,” May 14, 2013.
  5. Litman, T. (2011). Short and sweet: Analysis of shorter trips using national personal travel survey data. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Available at Accessed on September 25, 2011.
  6. Federal Highway Administration. (2009). National Household Travel Survey – 2009. Available at Accessed on October 2, 2011.
Oliver Bartzsch is an experienced medical professional with over 15 years of professional experience. With a passion for medicine, fitness, and personal growth, he is always willing to challenge himself to accomplish tasks and especially to provide accurate medical information to people. Oliver is a long-time medical editor for multiple sites. With more than 10 years of medical writing experience, he has completed over 350 projects with both individual and corporate clients.


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